As an alternative, you can use a strong detergent – but not only the stains but also the colors could fade.
Or you can choose a home remedy: Treat the fresh stain directly with hand soap – dab the area, lather up well, then let the soap work. According to “test”, the red wine and grass stains are almost completely gone after washing. However, with home remedies such as salt, lemon or baking soda, the pre-treated stains were still clearly visible after washing.
Important for stains containing protein such as blood or cocoa: First, clean only with cold water so that the protein does not coagulate.